The Rules of NBA Basketball


NBA basketball is one of the most popular and exciting sports in the world. With its fast-paced action and skilled athletes, it captivates millions of fans worldwide. To fully appreciate the game, it’s important to understand the rules that govern it. In this article, we will explore the key rules of NBA basketball.

1. Playing Area

The playing area in NBA basketball is a rectangular court measuring 94 feet long and 50 feet wide. The court is divided into two halves by a midcourt line, and each half contains a team’s offensive and defensive zones. The court also has a three-point line, free-throw line, and a key area near each basket.

2. Teams and Players

Each NBA team consists of five players on the court at a time. The teams can have up to 15 players on their roster, but only 12 can be active for a game. Substitutions can be made throughout the game, allowing players to rest or adjust strategies. nba중계

NBA basketball rules
NBA basketball rules

3. Scoring

The primary objective in NBA basketball is to score points. Here are the ways to score:

  • Field Goals: A field goal is worth two points if scored from within the three-point line and three points if scored from beyond the arc.
  • Free Throws: A player is awarded one point for successfully making a free throw after being fouled.
  • Three-Pointers: Shots made from beyond the three-point line are worth three points.
  • Dunks: A dunk is a type of field goal where a player jumps and slams the ball through the hoop. It is worth two points.

4. Violations and Fouls

Just like any sport, NBA basketball has rules to maintain fair play. Here are some common violations and fouls:

  • Traveling: When a player takes more than two steps without dribbling the ball, it is considered traveling and results in a turnover.
  • Double Dribble: Dribbling the ball with both hands simultaneously or picking up the dribble and then dribbling again is a double dribble violation.
  • Charging: If an offensive player runs into a stationary defensive player, it is an offensive foul called charging.
  • Personal Fouls: Physical contact that hinders an opponent’s progress or gives an unfair advantage is a personal foul. Players are allowed five personal fouls before being disqualified from the game.

5. Game Duration

A typical NBA basketball game consists of four quarters, each lasting 12 minutes. However, the game clock stops during timeouts, free throws, and certain other situations, leading to an average total game time of around two hours. If the game is tied at the end of regulation time, overtime periods are played until a winner is determined.


Understanding the rules of NBA basketball is essential for both players and fans. From the playing area to scoring methods and violations, these rules ensure fair competition and an enjoyable experience for all. So, the next time you watch an NBA game, you’ll have a deeper appreciation for the skill and strategy involved.

NBA basketball rules –